Canarium strictum (Dammar)

Indonesia, Resin, Whole from Indonesia (SKU 3030)

Fragrant whole chunks of Dammar resin, harvested in Indonesia.

For smaller weights please see our Sacred Incense range.

Dammar has traditionally been used in foods, as either a clouding or a glazing agent, in the making of incense, varnishing and in other processes. Dammar was first introduced as a picture varnish in 1826 and is commonly referred to as Dammar varnish.

Canarium strictum, Burseraceae (Copal family) is a large canopy tree with bipinnate leaves that is distributed across parts of India, Myanmar, and Yunnan province, China. It can grow up to about 40 meters tall and is found in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests at altitudes ranging from about 750 to 1400 meters. Trees are polygamous and flowers are insect pollinated. Fruits are ovoid or ellipsoid drupes with one to three seeds. Seed predation has been reported to be very low (1%). Canarium strictum sheds its leaves during the months of December and January, and it is reported to be a late-secondary forest species.[2]

Harvesting and Resin Collection Methods: Wide variation in the harvesting pattern and resin collection has been observed and three modes of resin collection have been documented for Canarium strictum.[2] The first type involves the collection of resin formed naturally through fissures on the tree. The second type of resin collection involves making incisions to promote resin flow. This method is largely employed by harvesters. They make incisions with curved iron knives and collect the resin exuding from the incisions. The third type of resin-collection strategy involves setting a low fire at the base of the tree followed by incisions and resin collection. 

Black dammer resin contains junenol, canarone and epikhusinal. The plant contains a sesquiterpene keton: canarone.

In aromatherapy, burn Dammar Gum resin to combat sadness, depression and melancholy. It is thought to help with clairvoyance and with contacting the angelic realm.

[1] J. Augustine, P.G. Krishnan, Status of the black dammar tree (Canarium strictum Roxb) in Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala and the uses of black dammar, Indian Forester, 132(10), 2006, pp. 1329–1335.
[2] A. Varghese, T. Ticktin, Regional variations in Non Timber Forest Produce Harvest strategies, trade and Ecological Impacts: The case of Black Dammer (Canarium Strictum, Roxb) Use and Conservation in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Ecology and Society, 13(2), 2008, 11.
[3] R. Kannan, Burning out the black dammar, Canarium strictum Roxb., Bombay Journal of Natural History, 91(1), 1992, p.159.

This is a natural product, used as incense or in perfumery, or as an ingredient of incense and other perfumery or potpourri preparations.
Some incense plants or products may have some history of other folklore purposes, but we offer this product for its use as incense. Not food grade, not for consumption.

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